To analyse the capacity of a soil to sequester organic carbon and the impact that deforestation and reforestation can have on its physical and chemical properties, specific laboratory analyses are necessary. According to a standard methodology, a number of 16 samples were taken from two different depths (0–10 cm, 10–20 cm) and from two different areas (degraded area and forest area) to identify if the type of land use and sampling depth are the key factors in changing the obtained values and also to prove the hypothesis according to which forest lands may have a higher carbon sequestration capacity.
The highest value of soil organic carbon was identified in the forest area at a depth of 0–10 cm. The organic carbon values relative to the surface indicated a higher average in the forest area with a value of 36.19 t/ha, compared to the degraded area, with a value of 32.07 t/ha which indicated a greater capacity of carbon sequestration in forest lands. The forest lands also indicated the highest water holding capacity, with values of up to 100% at a depth of 0–10 cm.
The higher values of organic carbon, its sequestration capacity and water holding capacity values in the forest lands compared to the values obtained on the degraded lands and at the surface of 0–10 cm compared to the depth of 10–20 showed that the type of land use and sampling depth influences the physico-chemical properties of the soil and leads to a visibly greater capacity to sequester carbon. These results match the expected ones and support our hypothesis